That leads to the ancillary question of "coercion". As the ethicists all point out, no one has a "right" to play a professional sport. Would-be players are all "coerced" by each andevery one of the intrinsic requirements, meaning those needful to perform as best one can. Pro athletes, including ball players, are often urged to "play through pain", and most are proudthat they do so. Or, if the top performers have rigorous, even brutal, workout regimens--as so many do--does that "coerce" all other players to identically brutal workouts? Each playerdoes what he thinks is necessary to achieve and maintain the level of performance that he finds proper. There is no logical or ethical distinction between--just for example--killer workoutsand PEDs. Each is what that athlete finds appropriate or necessary.


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