A controlling feeding style, high in structure and low in nurturance, represents caregivers who use forceful or restrictive strategies to control mealtimes. Controlling feeding is embedded in an overall authoritarian pattern of parenting and may include over-stimulating behaviours, such as speaking loudly, forcing foods or otherwise overpowering the child.27 Controlling caregivers may override their child’s internal regulatory cues for hunger and satiety.28 The innate capacity that infants have to self-regulate their energy intake declines during early childhood in response to family and cultural patterns.29


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