Typical of Freudian readings ofthe novel is Linda Gold's interpretation.

ADVANTAGES

He adds that the destruction of these connections and conjunctions leads to the patient feeling as if he is 'surrounded by minute links which, being impregnated now with cruelty, link objects together cruelly'. Bion called these particles 'bizarre objects' and later, 'beta elements' - raw, unprocessed sense data which cannot be assimilated and symbolised by the ego as 'food for thinking'. The effect is akin to what Freud (1911) termed a 'world catastrophe':

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