Self-monitoring is also crucial during the second task, when therapists contain transferred material and permit regression. Therapists must stay with clients on a psychobiological level in order to engage in necessary experiential learning, but they may not go so far as to lose their ability to stand apart and take note of their participation in transferential and countertransferential processes (Racker, 1972; Gorkin, 1997; Gelso & Hayes, 1998). They must remain disengaged enough to ask a question such as, “How am I being manipulated to play the role of a demeaned person?”


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