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As noted, Luker argues that these women are rational in their risk-taking, in their not using contraception although they did not intend a pregnancy. She maintains that though it is not often an explicit or articulated calculation, that the women weighed the costs of using contraception against the costs and benefits of a pregnancy. One of her examples is of an unmarried woman who did not like using the pill because it made her gain weight. Coupled with this was her wish to force her boyfriend to openly admit his relationship with her to his parents who rejected her, and possibly to force marriage and thus she decided not to use contraception. Luker considers this a "rational" decision because the woman had determined certain means to achieve her end. Luker further evaluates these decisions as "rational" because the women assigned low "probabilities" to getting pregnant; they thought pregnancy was unlikely to happen to them. Luker compares this to people who smoke and discount the possibility that they might get cancer. Moreover, she notes that those who "get away" with taking risks tend to continue in that behavior; thus, since women can go a long time without getting pregnant, they tend to think they are "safe." Though the aftermath of these decisions -- that fact that all the women she interviewed had abortions -- led many of the women to characterize their own previous behavior as irrational (an evaluation shared by those with the doctors, nurses, etc. with whom they came in contact), Luker argues that their decisions were "reasonable" "under the circumstances."

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